Master plant: Corylus avellana L.
Betulaceae (Birch family)
Oleum Coryli avellanae
The hazelnut shrub is the only real nut plant which comes originally from Europe. The shrubs, which can reach a height of 7 metres, occupied a large part of Europe after the ice age as pioneer plants. Main cultivation countries nowadays are Turkey, Italy, Spain, France and the USA. The hazelnut oil is cold-pressed from the nuts.
Characteristics and subtances:
Hazelnut oil is yellow to yellowish-brown and has a nut-like smell and taste. Besides fatty acids it also contains approx. 14% of protein, 9% of carbohydrates, 7% of dietary fibres, 5% of water and 2.5% of mineral nutrients.
Hazelnut oil is a popular edible oil.