Master plant: Cannabis sativa var. indica L.
Cannabaceae (Hemp family)
The hemp belongs to the oldest cultivated plants on earth. China, Russia and Romania are known to be the countries of origin of the hemp plant. Hemp was already used in China 2,000 B.C. as a remedy. Many countries prohibit nowadays the cultivation of hemp because of misuse in the past. During recent years however this valuable remedial plant experiences a revival and cultivation of specific species (less than 0.3% in THC) is promoted again.
Characteristics and subtances:
The valuable hemp oil is produced of the hempseeds. The oil is first cold-pressed with subsequent filtration. This dark yellow to dark green oil posseses a malty flavor and a slight nutty aroma.
The main components of the hempseed oil are linoleic acid (53%), alpha-linolenic acid (24.3%), oleic acid (12.6%), palmitic acid and stearic acid (10.4%). Hempseed oil contains therefore more than 80% in essential fatty acids.
Hemp oil is a valuable edible oil due to its high concentration in unsaturated fatty acids.
Hemp oil can be used to treat abdominal cramping and nausea and has a protective function by cardiovascular diseases. Because hempseed oil contains a high amount in alpha-linolenic acid, many illnesses can also be positively influenced such as neurodermatitis, pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) and arthritis.